Or the Red Fort because of the Red sandstone outer walls. Built by The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan(the same bloke who built the Taj Mahal). The construction started in 1638 and the mighty castle was complete by 1648. It was originally called Qila-i-Mubabrak i.e. The Blessed Fort since it was also the home of the Emperor and his family. It is built adjacent to the older Salimgarh Fort which was built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. The old castle has withstood the test of war. It has been attacked twice. Once by the Persian Emperor Nadir Shah in 1739, and then by the British in 1857. Built in the Shahjahanabad, the seventh city of Delhi. 15th August 1947 when India got Independence, the Tricolour was unfurled on the Red Fort and each year on this day, the Prime minister addresses the nation from the Red Fort. The magnificent fort stands as a symbol of Power and it stands proud.
The Red Fort is considered to represent the zenith of Mughal creativity which, under the Shah Jahan, was brought to a new level of refinement. The planning of the palace is based on Islamic prototypes, but each pavilion reveals architectural elements typical of Mughal building, reflecting a fusion of Persian, Timurid and Hindu traditions The Red Fort’s innovative planning and architectural style, including the garden design, strongly influenced later buildings and gardens in Rajasthan, Delhi, Agra and further afield.
The Red Fort stands at the eastern edge of Shahjahanabad, and gets its name from the massive wall of red sandstone that defines its eight sides. The wall is 1.5miles long, and varies in height from 60 feet on the riverside to 110 feet towards the city. Measurements have shown that the plan was generated using a square grid of 82m. The fort lies along what was once the course of the Yamuna River that supplies the moats that surround most of the wall. The wall at its north-eastern corner is adjoining to an older fort, the Salimgarh, a defense built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. The ramparts were formidable, eight meters high and six kilometres long, a veritable city overlooking another city, Delhi. There were seven gates opening onto the main highways of the Empire- the Kashmiri, Lahori, Noori, Kabuli, Turkmeni, Ajmeri, and Akbarabadi (Agra) gates. Three of them led via circular stairways to the banks of the Yamuna.
For My World
P.S. From my Grandfather’s archive